History of Tallinn

Dancing Bear Tours

History of Tallinn

History of Tallinn in a nutshell

8,000-3,000 BC Finno-Ugric ancestors of the Estonians migrate to Baltic coast

XI-XII BC:  Estonians clans use what’s now the Tallinn area as a market place and harbor; maintain wooden fortress on Tompea hill

1154: Tallinn first mentioned in historic records by Arab cartographer Al-Idrisi

1219: Danish forces capture Tallinn

1227-1238: German merchants from Gotland settle at the base of Tompea, sowing the seeds of Tallinn as a German trade town

XIII-XV centuries: city sees rapid growth as major trading point between East and west. In 1428

Tallinn adopts Lubeck Law; giving it self- governing status. In 1284vit joins Hanseatic League

1346: Danes sell their Estonian holdings to the Livonian Order

1558-1583: During the Livonian War Tallinn was attacked and besieged by the forces of The Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible. Estonia ends up under Swedish rule.

1710: Great Northern war (1700- 1721) leaves Estonia under Russian Empire. Tsar Peter the Great

Sets up summer estate in Kadriorg

1860-1880: National Awaking gives the Estonians a newfound sense of cultural   identity

1918: With World War I raging, Estonia declares independence on February 24

1920-1930: Independent Estonia establishes itself on world stage

1940-1944: Red Army forces occupy and annex Estonia into U.S.S.R. Mass arrests and deportations follow. Nazi invasion in 1941brings its own occupation and holocaust .U.S.S.R reinvades in 1944, tens of thousands flee to Sweden by ship

1945-1991: Soviet occupation .Estonia is cut off from the West

1987-1988: The “Singing Revolution” large scale protests against Moscow rule in the form of traditional mass singing events.

1991: Estonia declares independence on August 20

1990s: Economical transformation accompanied by widespread development of IT infrastructure. 1997 Tallinn is entered on UNESCO‘s world Heritage List

2004: Estonia joins the European Union and NATO

2011: The country becomes the 17th member of the Euro zone .Tallinn takes its role as European Capital of Culture