Peterhof was the first of the great Imperial ensembles to be established outside St Petersburg and is definitely “a must-see” for any first time visitor to St Petersburg.
Completely dedicated to the Russian victory over Sweden in the “Northern War”, it is often called the “Russian Versailles” but actually it has surpassed Versailles in many respects: it is a real “kingdom of fountains” with amazing cascades, a variety of unique and playful fountains, Grand Peterhof Palace, and other small palaces.
Peterhof is located approximately 30 km to the south of St Petersburg on the coast of the Gulf of Finland.
It is probably the most famous summer residence of the Russian tsars – and the only official marine residence. Peter the Great wanted to highlight the importance of the fact that Russia now had the access to the Baltic Sea that is why the location was chosen by the Tsar himself.